Have you ever looked at a piece of art and wondered, “Is this just my opinion or is it really crap?” It turns out that people are not always confident about what they think. Art is intimidating but is art subjective?
An emotional reaction to a traditional skills-based work of art is subjective. The craft and process of making traditional art is objective. Appreciation of abstract and conceptial art without any representational or skills-based bounderies is purely subjective.
In this article, we will explore the idea of subjectivity in art and how to tell if someone else’s opinion can be objective. First, we have to agree on what we mean by art.
What is Art Anyway?
You can’t decide if art is subjective until you define what art really is. The best place to start is the Oxford English dictionary
“The expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual form such as painting or sculpture, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power.”Oxford English Dictionary
Seems straight forward so why is it so controversial? Maybe it’s because the meaning of art has now been expanded by some to include ideas and concepts that exclude creative skills.
What happens if an artist creates something they consider to be art but no one else agrees? Is it still art without a broad consensus? On the flip-side is something art if the world thinks it is, but the creator disagrees?
Is someone an artist just because they think they are? Or is it a term that must be given by others?
Art is a tricky word to pin down. I’m always confused by actors who consider themselves as artists. Do they create a roll or interpret it? Where does that leave the writer? Can there be two artists involved in the same work? If so, is the director an artist too?
Will the real artist please stand up!
The same goes for music, surely the composer is the artist and the player is the performer. If the player didn’t write the song, they are skillful technicians and entertainers but how are they artists if they didn’t create the music?
What about those classic songs that a singer ‘owns’ because their voice is so unique it’s incomparable? If no one else can sing the same way, is that art in itself?
Then what about Jazz? Surely that’;s creative enough to be considered art, isn’t it?
It’s a bleedin’ rabbit ‘ole.
For the sake of this post and to prevent myself going mad. I will take the dictionary definition as my base point.
Is Art Always Subjective?
If I am going to use the dictionary to explain art why not use it to define subjectivity:
“The quality of being based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions”Oxford English Dictionary
If that’s the case, all art should be subjective. We all react in our own way to everything we see around us.
If a dozen people are asked their opinions about a singular work of art we can expect a dozen different answers. Each person will form their own opinion based on their own perspectives on life. We interpret the world independently and in our own ways.
If art can be interpreted differently by each viewer, the artist’s intention is irrelevant. Once the art is in the public domain it is open to judgment and criticism, fair or otherwise and the creator is sidelined.
Without any objective criteria acting as a benchmark by which to judge, it’s a free-for-all for every Tom, Dick, and Harry to state their case. We may not be equal intellectually but we are equal emotionally, and if art is truly subjective our emotional responses are all we have to go by.
That implies that all criticism must have equal merit. Each viewer is an expert in their own way.
That’s the logical conclusion, but I think there are objective truths and they can’t be ignored.
What is Objective About Art?
The truth is, art can be objective whether we like it or not. There are objective criteria we can all use to judge art.
The most obvious objective criterion for judging artwork is whether it accurately represents the subject or not. Most art is representational and that gives the viewer a grounding from which to base their opinion.
- Does the subject look real?
- Does the composition work?
- Is the color palette harmonious?
The viewer may not be aware there are certain aesthetic rules that universally please the eye. We can judge whether a painting is beautiful or ugly and be oblivious to the rules of complementary colors, and the color wheel.
It’s difficult to understand why the rule of thirds works in composition yet we instinctively react with a thumbs down if those rules are ignored.
Further Reading: How to Plan and Compose Your Art
All rules are there to be broken and only those with a mastery of the rules get away with it.
A work of art also has objective meaning in relation to the artworks that preceded it. Critics are able to assess this by tracing art through history and finding themes, styles, and cultural influences that put the art into context.
Perhaps artists have an insight the general public can’t always see.
If you accept that art is as much about the craft as it is about the meaning, there are objective criteria we can use to judge quality. A good draftsman can tell if a line is drawn accurately the moment he or she sees it.
Portraiture highlights the absurdity of suggesting that objectivity has no place in art. It doesn’t matter that the composition is masterful and the color palette is sublime if the face is unrecognizable.
A portrait has to look like the sitter if the intention is to capture a likeness.
The technical skill of the painter is objective, the ugliness of the sitter is subjective!
Do Art Experts Have Subjective or Objective Opinions?
I’m always wary of self-proclaimed art experts because they all bring along their own baggage. Yet people listen to their opinions.
I think that some people need an expert opinion in order to validate their own tastes. Why? Because art makes them feel insecure.
I remember taking my art to an open exhibition where an eminent member of a prestigious London Society was on hand to pontificate on any art brought in by the hoi polloi.
I turned up and straight off the bat, he suggested in his patronizing presumptive way that I should refrain from copying my work out of books. I was somewhat taken aback. My artwork was 100% my own but he was so loaded with his own preconceived ideas and prejudices, he couldn’t see beyond them.
To cut a long story short, I looked at his work and realized that his draftsmanship was inferior to many of his peers in the society and my work may have represented something beyond his skillset. His reaction displayed his own insecurities.
Far from being an expert, he was reactionary. As subjective as the rest of us and his opinion was about as useful as a one-legged man in an arse-kicking competition.
So is there any point in an expert opinion? I can think of a few areas where we can bow to art expertise.
An expert in the field can say with authority how much an artist is financially worth, they can study and explain the history and movements within the art world, and have the knowledge to break down the techniques an artist has used.
But when it comes to matters of taste, which are entirely subjective and highly personal, experts should be treated as being no more authoritative than anyone else.
How Do We Form Our Subjective Opinions About Art?
We can’t escape our life experiences and how it affects our subjective opinions about art. We are exposed to many different opinions, critiques, and judgments, and like it or not, we absorb them.
For example, only yesterday I was selling a print to a young woman with her friends in tow. My customer loved my lion print but wanted her friends to agree. They both preferred one of a Siamese cat. Instead of choosing the lion print, she bought the cat. She was entirely influenced in her decision by her friends who didn’t want to buy anything!
We seek consensus and validation. We are social animals and need the approval of others. Being the only dissenter in the crowd is not a position many people choose to take. We tend to go along with the accepted wisdom.
If all experts agree that Mona Lisa is an incredible painting, then we believe them. It takes a strong mind to stand up against the orthodoxy and disagree.
Personally, I have never rated Van Gogh, I suspect that those who love his work are inspired by his tortured life and that has influenced how they look at his work. Would they be so enamored if they saw his work, unattributed, in a local art show? I doubt it.
We tune in to art through the media, reading about art, listening to arts programs, or even flicking through Instagram. They reinforce cultural norms and that begs the question, where does our subjective cultural bias end and our individual taste begin?
I think I’m probably like most of us in as much as my childhood passions have heavily influenced my appreciation of art as an adult. I loved and still love wildlife and I gravitate towards anything to do with the natural world. That includes my tastes in art.
Further Reading: How Do Artists Get Their Ideas?
When you consider that most wildlife art is representational, it’s little wonder that realism captures my imagination the most. I’ve been shaped by my upbringing and experiences.
Why Subjectivity in Art Makes Life Interesting
The subjectivity of art appreciation gives us all something to discuss. If nothing else we can argue our point of view and compare our thoughts with someone else. Talking about art is like talking about food or sport, in the end, it goes nowhere but what harm does it do?
Since everyone has their own opinion, it is difficult for anyone to say definitively “this thing is better than the other”. I don’t suppose anyone ever loved a painting by being persuaded.
Perhaps the only people who learn to love a painting are those lucky few who discover they have a valuable painting they’d dismissed as junk, and only then just before they put it up for sale.
Just as music can define a personality type, so can art. It’s a device to gain some vague insight into another person’s mind. We all judge each other and our subjective opinions about art can be put to good use by helping us to subjectively judge our friends. Why not? It’s fun
And then there is the controversy surrounding abstract art. It’s hard to be objective about something that doesn’t look like anything, so you’re left with your own experience and thoughts to dissect and argue about forever.
Good taste is as subjective as it gets.
Is There Good and Bad Art?
If you accept that all art is subjective the concept of good or bad, and right and wrong, is meaningless. Great art could not exist and why would anyone pay for it?
In the real world, some people get to decide what is good and bad. There’s only one problem, they are the art establishment with a vested interest in promoting celebrity over talent. That’s why most modern art is garbage.
Why don’t art colleges teach traditional skills to their students? What is it about the art elite that they despise craft so much? They would have you believe that painting has reached a dead end and that it’s all been done before. What a load of codswallop.
Further Reading: Is Art School Worth the Money?
Anything that reflects life around us today is brand new. Now has never been seen before. Capturing today is the nostalgia of tomorrow. This time and place is unique and can never be experienced in exactly the same way ever again.
It takes years to learn how to paint well, it takes a focused mindset and dedication to master your art. So why is it undervalued by the establishment?
Well, one reason comes to mind straight away. Art tutors have one thing almost universally in common; that’s right, they couldn’t paint a front door. How can they justify their positions if they can’t even draw a straight line? They couldn’t.
So they concoct a pseudo-intellectual art world with its own language and culture to bamboozle the young and naive. They teach them to forgo all that hackneyed talented stuff, urge them to borrow a king’s ransom in tuition fees, and embrace free expression.
And what is that free expression other than a euphemism for being untutored? They sit back and extol the virtues of endless experimentation with no structure and no limits and take a hefty fee for all the hard work, they themselves, are not prepared to do.
And who will pass their degree with flying colors? Those students who conform to their tutor’s prejudice of course. So much for expanding the mind.
And the top galleries take over and promote this pretentious garbage, in order to fool potential clients to buy into this farce as an investment opportunity. What a world.
Is there good and bad art? You bet there is.
Art is subjective in that the viewer experiences different thoughts and emotions related to it. However if you accept that art has an established set of rules for creating something that’s attractive, moving, and stimulating, it must follow that it must contain some objective criteria.
It all comes down to how you interpret art. If you accept that art is not just an idea, but a process that requires a skillful application, then art can be viewed objectively. The feeling it invokes is subjective.
If you believe that any idea and concept can be considered art without the need for any learned skill, then everything is subjective.
Speaking personally I cannot appreciate art without an anchor point. It has to be representational at some level, and possess a masterly execution if I am to understand and respect what the artist was trying to achieve.
In my world art is not purely subjective.
There are plenty more posts like this, have a look at these:
- Can You Copy Art and Sell a Painting of a Painting?
- Selling Your Art in Galleries, Is It Worth It?
- Should You Teach Your Art Skills in Public? (Pros and Cons)
- Is it Cheating to Trace Your Art?
- How to Find Your Own Art Style